NRS Ruminant Microbiome deploys proprietary technology to accurately measure the efficiency in which herd animals convert food into productive protein (milk/meat). The tools developed by the company examine and interpret the molecular profile of specific microbiota communities in the rumen of animals and help identify in a quick and cost-effective manner the individual animals with the most efficient feed conversion. Since feed represents the single largest cost line item in raising farm animals, such tools to identify animals that consume up to 30% less feed without sacrificing protein output is exceptionally valuable. In addition, extensive research shows that animals that are most efficient at feed conversion are also the ones that release the least amount of methane (one of the most damaging greenhouse gases) into the atmosphere. The project’s researchers also identified proprietary intervention applications that would allow livestock farmers to turn all of their animals into high efficiency, low environmental impact and healthier herds, consuming up to 30% less feed and emitting up to 30% less methane. Such interventions will transform the supply-chain economics, sustainability profile and health-related impacts of two of the largest sources of animal protein (milk and meat) and will help reduce the carbon footprint of the cattle industry dramatically. With livestock farming accounting for 27% of the global human-produced methane emissions, the expected beneficial effect to the environment from the commercialization of this technology is unprecedented.